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Zoom Philodendron Selloum

Philodendron Selloum


The Philodendron selloum, also known as the Split-Leaf Philodendron or Tree Philodendron, is a popular tropical plant with distinctive, deeply lobed leaves. Here's a profile and basic care tips for this attractive houseplant:


  • Scientific Name: Philodendron bipinnatifidum (formerly known as Philodendron selloum)
  • Common Names: Split-Leaf Philodendron, Tree Philodendron
  • Family: Araceae
  • Origin: Native to South America, specifically Brazil and Paraguay.


  • The Philodendron selloum is characterized by large, deeply lobed leaves with a split appearance, resembling the shape of an oak leaf.
  • The plant grows in an upright, bushy form and can develop a relatively thick stem over time.
  • It is often grown as a houseplant but can also be used in tropical landscaping in suitable climates.

Basic Care Tips:

  1. Light:

    • Prefers bright, indirect light. It can tolerate lower light conditions but may grow more slowly.
    • Avoid direct sunlight, especially intense afternoon sun, as it can scorch the leaves.
  2. Watering:

    • Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Allow the top inch of the soil to dry out before watering.
    • Water more frequently during the growing season (spring and summer) and reduce watering in the fall and winter.
  3. Humidity:

    • Enjoys higher humidity levels but can adapt to average indoor humidity.
    • Regular misting or placing the pot on a humidity tray can provide additional moisture.
  4. Temperature:

    • Thrives in warm temperatures between 65-80°F (18-27°C).
    • Avoid exposing the plant to temperatures below 50°F (10°C).
  5. Soil:

    • Use a well-draining, peat-based potting mix. A mix designed for aroids or tropical plants is suitable.
    • Repot as needed, typically every 1-2 years or when the plant outgrows its container.
  6. Fertilization:

    • Feed with a balanced liquid fertilizer every 4-6 weeks during the growing season (spring and summer).
    • Reduce fertilization in the fall and winter when the plant's growth slows.
  7. Pruning:

    • Prune yellow or damaged leaves regularly to maintain the plant's appearance.
    • Trim older stems at the base if they become leggy or unattractive.
  8. Pests:

    • Keep an eye out for common pests such as spider mites and scale. Wipe the leaves regularly to remove dust and discourage pests.

By following these basic care guidelines, you can keep your Philodendron selloum healthy and thriving, creating a lush and tropical atmosphere in your indoor space.


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Philodendron Selloum



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